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Historic centre of Arequipa

Historic Centre

Peru’s “healthiest city and the most peaceful in which to live,” as it was so aptly described by the Spanish conquistador Cieza de León, was founded on August 15, 1540, by Garcí Manuel de Carbajal at the orders of Francisco Pizarro.

At that time, the Villa de la Asunción de Nuestra Señora del Valle Hermoso de Arequipa, as it was known, was divided into blocks each measuring 875 meters long, forming perfect squares

Its historic center, which offers a fascinating synthesis of Arequipa’s singular architecture, is now considered a World Cultural Heritage Site. This title was bestowed by UNESCO on December 2, 2000, describing it as follows: “The historic center of Arequipa, built in volcanic sillar rock, represents an integration of European and native building techniques, expressed in the admirable work of colonial masters and Criollo and Indian masons. This combination of influences is illustrated by the city’s robust walls, archways and vaults, courtyards and open spaces, and the intricate Baroque decoration of its façades.” The archways and portals of the Plaza de Armas and its imposing churches are framed by the natural beauty of the city’s three “guardian” volcanos, Misti, Chachani, and Pichu Pichu.


Its ornamental architecture, which exhibits the creative fusion of European and native traits. The volcanic rock used in the city’s construction. The surrounding landscapes.


Must-see sites

Frequently asked questions

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Average response time: 48 hrs maximum.

Protection from the sun in the morning, and warm clothing for the cold in the afternoon.
Tambos, market, and museums.

How to find us

We are in the main Google maps and Waze.
Important information

Main Hospital nearby:

  • Emergency center of Social Insurance.
  • Clinical Arequipa.


Closest police station:

  • Police Station Old Palace.